A wide range of different tertiary institutions are found in Austria, offering various degrees and diplomas in many fields of study.
Austrian, EU and EEA students are admitted on the basis of their secondary school certification, which for non-Austrians must allow them admission to university in their own country. They will also require proof of nationality and of German language proficiency. This proficiency must usually be demonstrated by a minimum of four years language training or a German language diploma.
Non-EU/EEA students, in addition to these requirements, must have a certificate proving their entitlement to enter the same degree programme in their own country.
Some programmes, such as medicine, arts, architecture, biology and economics may have separate admission examinations which must be taken by all applicants for the programme. Universities of Applied Sciences also usually have admission examinations.
Although Austria has committed to the European standardization known as the Bologna Process, there is incomplete alignment between the existing system and the standard European system.