In the Czech Republic tertiary education is available in public, state and private institutions. The term Higher Education Institutions, vysoké školy is used to describe all three types of institutions. There are twenty four public HEIs, two state ones and forty-six private ones. HEIs are either university type or non-university type. University type HEIs offer study programmes at all three levels of higher education, while non-university type HEIs offer Bachelor programmes only, although some may.
Czech students entering HEIs must have passed the school-leaving examination, the maturitní zkouška, awarded by the various secondary schools. Students entering fine arts programmes are admitted with the absolutorium, which is the leaving certificate received from a conservatory.
HEIs in the Czech Republic have a higher degree of autonomy than in many other EU countries, so additional admission requirements are often set by the rector of the institution or the dean of the faculty being entered. These may include written, oral or aptitude tests, and such admission examinations are common at most HEIs.
Application deadlines are normally set at the end of February or March. Admission examinations are held between June and September. However for institution of arts applications are earlier, in November of the previous year, and admission examinations are held in January.
EU students are admitted on the same basis as in their home country. EU students can enter the Republic with a passport or national identity card. They must also have the European Health Insurance Card or a certified E128 form from their home country.
Foreign students from outside the EU require a student visa. To obtain a visa the applicant must have a letter of acceptance from the HEI, proof of financial resources, a guarantee of accommodation, and health insurance. The student must prove they have no criminal record and must register with the Czech Foreign Police within three days of arriving in the Republic. Foreign students taking courses taught in Czech must have proof of language proficiency to a minimum of B2 level of the Common European Framework. Students taking courses in English must show proficiency in English.