Hungary currently has 62 higher education institutions. 17 of those are state universities, 13 are colleges, 26 are religious colleges, and 6 are private foundations. All schools (except the University of National Defense and the Police Officer Training College) are managed by Hungary’s Ministry of Education. Local governments are not involved in the structure or curriculum of any public university, and all private/non-state schools have to go through a process to be recognised by the state, including proving that they have the proper materials, staff, and finances. This system is in place so all institutions across Hungary are adopting comparable practices that make transferring and idea exchange easy for both domestic and international students.
With a similar system to most countries, Hungary uses common programmes in terms of degrees. The first “cycle” gets a student a Bachelor’s degree and consists of 6-8 semesters, or about 3-4 years. The second cycle lasts 1-2 years and is for a Master’s degree. The third cycle is for a doctorate degree. If a student wants further training but not a doctorate, there are special programmes following a Master’s degree where a student can specialise in a specific area. This however does not grant them another degree.