In Lithuania there are two groups of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) – universities and colleges. These may be state-funded or privately-funded. There are 14 state universities and 8 private universities. There are 13 public and 11 private colleges. Higher education in Lithuania has the responsibility to help ensure the country’s cultural and economic prosperity, to support individual’s life goals and to satisfy the desire for knowledge. Lithuania has organized its tertiary education system to fully conform to the Bologna Process and standards since 2012.
Entry into Lithuanian HEIs is possible with the upper-secondary leaving certificate, or after upper secondary vocational education or post-secondary non-tertiary education. However, most institutions have supplementary admission requirements: such as possession of the National Examination Certificate, entrance exams, aptitude tests and aptitude interviews. Students entering programmes taught in Lithuanian are required to demonstrate their ability to study in that language by passing a language competency test.
EU residents are admitted under exactly the same conditions as Lithuanian residents. However, they must know the language of instruction well, or study it in a preliminary year, and have the equivalent certificate for completion of upper-secondary education. They must have the European Health Card to cover their health costs.
For non-EU students, a National Visa is required to enter the country and a Temporary Residence Permit must be obtained after entry, if staying longer than three months. Health insurance is also required. Foreign qualifications must be approved by the Lithuanian Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education (CQAHE). Lithuania participates in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) which allows students from EU countries to use credits from other Universities towards a degree in Lithuania, or transfer credits from Lithuania to a degree in another EU country.