Higher Education visokošolsko in Slovenia is offered by a combination of public and private universities and several other institutions. As well, there is a well-integrated system of vocational training to pan-European standards, offered as two-year programmes by Vocational Colleges. Graduates of these colleges can proceed into full Higher Education institutions to continue their studies to a higher level.
Students in Slovenia entering HEIs must possess the school-leaving examination, the matura, awarded by the various secondary schools. In some cases there may be additional entry requirements. For example Academies of Arts, Architecture an Sports may require a talent test and may even admit exceptionally gifted students who do not meet the formal entry requirements. Graduates of Vocational Colleges may enter in the second year of HEI programmes, although they may be required to take bridging programmes if they lack certain necessary areas of knowledge.
EU and EEA students are covered under the Lisbon Convention and may enter a Slovenian HEI if they are qualified to enter one in their own country. EU students must obtain a residence permit if staying longer than three months but this cannot normally be refused. Foreign students from outside the EU area must obtain an entrance visa before arriving in Slovenia. They must then apply for a residence permit if they are staying longer than three months. To obtain this they must show payment of all tuition fees, payment of health care, a medical certificate and proof of language ability. Proof of income of at least 250 € a month is required. Foreign qualifications, or degrees if entering a higher-level programme, must have been formally recognized by Slovenia.
Foreign students taking courses taught in Slovene must have proof of language proficiency, normally to the European standard B2 level. Students entering without this proficiency can attend separate language school for their first year. Students enrolling in certain programmes, particularly language courses, may be able to study Slovene during the first year of their programme but must prove their proficiency before moving on to the second year. Courses in other languages, especially English, are becoming more common, and at EMUNI all the courses are taught in either English, French or Arabic, rather than in Slovene.
Slovenia participates in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) which allows students from EU countries to use credits from other universities towards a degree in Slovenia.