There are state and private universities in Spain. In addition, there are universities entirely online and a growing number of universities allow at least part of their degrees to be taken online.
Official degrees are offered by all universities. In addition many also offer non-official diplomas that may only be recognized by the university issuing them. The names of such degrees must be preceded by the title “Non-official”. However, non-official doctorate degrees are not permitted.
In addition to the official degrees each University offers unofficial Master's degrees – Maestrias – which are widely recognised because they offer specialized practical training. MBA degrees are also offered and are well regarded.
Studies at Spanish Universities are divided into three levels, which correspond to the official levels of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). All degrees are therefore accepted throughout the EHEA.
Spanish students must first complete the Bachillerato, requiring two years of study. Successful completion allows a student to take the Selectivo - the university entrance examinations. Students coming from other EU countries gain entry using the same criteria as are used in their home country.
Students who have completed secondary studies in a country other than the European Union, Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein or China must have their secondary education certificate officially recognized. The details of accreditation requirements vary, but six months should be allowed to obtain official approval. Application for accreditation (homologación) must be made to the Subdirección General de Titulos y Reconocimiento de Cualificaciones.
All other types of students, such as those coming from the EU, do not require accreditation of their secondary or undergraduate qualifications.