There are six types of Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in Romania, distributed between state institutions and private institutions. Romania has re-organized its tertiary education system to conform to the European Bologna Process and all students since 2005 have been studying in programmes that conform to the Bologna standards.
Romanian students entering HEIs must have passed the school-leaving examination, the examenul de bacalaureat, awarded by the various secondary schools. HEIs in Romania may set additional admission requirements, generally in the form of written examinations set by the HEI. However, some Universities offering programmes in English or French have no admission examinations and based admission only on the application itself.EU, EEA and Swiss students must have their secondary-school qualifications recognized by the CREDR (National Centre for Recognition and Equivalence of Diplomas in Romania). Romania participates in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) which allows students from EU countries to use credits from other Universities towards a degree in Romania.
Most foreign students from outside the EU require a student visa. This must be applied for at a Romanian embassy in their home country and obtained before arrival. Besides a letter of acceptance from their HEI and proof of payment of the first years’ fees, students must show proof of means of support of at least 11,250 lei a year, medical insurance for the entire period and a criminal record certificate. Foreign students taking courses taught in Romanian must have proof of language proficiency. Students taking courses in English or French must prove proficiency in the language unless it is the language of their home country.